1. Enunciative parameters of the act of saying (Benveniste, Ducrot);
2. Intention of the subject, the speech acts: say and do (analytical philosophers and contributions to the study of language: Austin and Searle);
3. Inference and understanding: conventional and conversational implicatures; the principle of pertinence (Grince and the Theory of Relevance, Sperber & Wilson)
4. Verbal interaction and courtesy;
5. Contextual incidence;
6. Intercultural pragmatics.